Fast Facts


According to the Conference Board of Canada, if we were to decrease the number of inactive Canadians by even 10%, we’d see a 30% reduction in mortality and a major savings in health care. It is estimated that more than $2.4 billion, or 3.7 per cent of all healthcare costs, were attributed to the direct cost of treating illness and disease due to physical inactivity[1]. The financial impact of poor health amounts to a loss of more than $4.3 billion to the Canadian economy, and the negative repercussions of inactivity cost the healthcare system $89 billion per year in Canada[2]. According to several studies, properly structured and supported exercise programs, designed and delivered by a kinesiologist can:

  • Reduce the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease by 40%;[3]
  • Reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes by 50% and be twice as effective as standard insulin in treating the condition;[4]
  • Help the function of muscles for people affected by Parkinson’s disease and Multiple Sclerosis;
  • Decrease depression as effectively as pharmacological or behavioural therapy;[5]
  • Reduce the risk of stroke by 27%;
  • Reduce the risk of colon cancer by 60%;[6]
  • Reduce mortality and risk of recurrent cancer by 50%;[7]
  • Reduce the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease by almost 40% compared to those who are less active.[8]




[1] Based on year 2009. Jansen et al., 2012
[2] Based on year 2013.
[3] Cardiorespiratory fitness is an independent predictor of hypertension incidence among initially normotensive healthy women.Barlow CE et al. Am J Epidemiol 2006; 163:142-50.
[4] Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. DPP Research Group. New England Journal of Medicine 2002; 346:393-403.
[5] Exercise treatment for depression: efficacy and dose response.Dunn A et al. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2005.
[6] Physical activity and colon cancer: confounding or interaction? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:June 2002 – Volume 34 – Issue 6 – pp 913-919.
[7] Physical activity and survival after breast cancer diagnosis.Holmes MD et al. JAMA 2005; 293:2479.
[8] The Role of Physical Activity in the Prevention and Management of Alzheimer’s Disease – Implications for Ontario. Ontario Brain Institute. 2013.

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